Havana, Aug 28 (Prensa Latina) Agencies of the United Nations (UN) join efforts in a new world project to contain marine biological invaders spread by boats throughout the planet.
In the opinion of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), to counter the embedding of sea organisms in the hulls of boats ‘is a fundamental step’ to protect marine biodiversity and has the additional benefit of reducing greenhouse effect gas emissions, as it also reduces the resistance of ships.
The initiative of associations GloFouling is in the hands of the World Environmental Fund, the Program of United Nations for Development (UNDP) and the IMO indicated an institutional advertisement at the beginning of August.
According to the source, the project will study the transference of water species produced by biological contamination; that is, the accumulation of organisms in the structures and surface of the hulls of boats below the floating line.
One of the main objectives will be the introduction of IMO regulations to control and manage the biological pollution of ships, facilitating advices on how to reduce the transfer of invasive water species.
International research gives evidence of socio-economic and environmental impact on fisheries, sea culture and coast infrastructure, among others, endangering means of life of the coastal communities.
Thus, GloFouling is sustained on the success of the project of associations GloBallast, that had as purpose the creation of capacities to implant the agreement on the management of waste water.
The new project is financed with 6.9 million dollars, will help reduce transborder biological contamination, assured the director of sealife división of IMO, Stefan Micallef, and will mainly help developing countries reduce to mínimum the sea biological contamination.
According to UNDP official Andrew Hudson, the GloFouling will ‘offer an excellent opportunity to approach key vectors for the transferendfe of invasive water species which harm considerably the economies and means of life’.
For Chris Severin, specialist of Fman, ‘carrying out of GloFouling Project will be key in the battle against invasive sea species and not onlu will imply healthier marine ecosystems but also have positive effects on economic opportunities and the means of living for millions of persons.
According to UN data, oceans cover three-fourths of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 percent of the water and represent by its volumen 99 percent of the vital space of the planet, denoting its relevance.
Also, they contain some 200 thousand identified species, absorb approximately 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by human beings and are the primary source of proteins for over 2.6 billion inhabitants, whose daily diet depends on it.
However, diverse factors harm that patrimony, possibly giving way to a ‘world catastrophe’, alerted the secretary general of the UN, Antonio Guterres, at the Conference on Oceans, held in June of the present year.
‘We have to put aside short-term profits to prevent a long-term world catastrophe’, said the high official.
The rising level of oceans threatens entire countries, the fishing industry is sinking in some places and the coast ecosystems are severely affected by fishing, mining extraction, sea transport and tourism, stressed Guterres.