Categories: British Ports Association, BusinessPublished On: 24.02.2020884 words4.4 min read

As the implications of the Wuhan Coronavirus become clear, ports and maritime law firm Hill Dickinson, an Associate Member of the British Ports Association (BPA), has published a short paper on the virus and its potential implications on the UK ports sector as part of the BPA’s Port Futures Programme. The Programme is a series of papers considering emerging and innovative trends in the port sector. This article is part of a forthcoming wider piece of work from Hill Dickinson and the BPA examining the potential impacts of pandemics on ports.

Commenting on the Hill Dickinson paper, the BPA’s Chief Executive, Richard Ballantyne, said:

“The marine team at Hill Dickinson have put together this paper which gives a good overview of the potential impacts of the Wuhan Coronavirus on UK ports. There is a real concern that coronavirus victims may be infectious even before symptoms manifest themselves so the possibility of a serious outbreak in a UK port cannot be ruled out as highlighted in this paper.

We are beginning to see the impacts in terms of trade flows and there are figures which suggest in the first three months of 2020 there will be six million fewer container shipping movements globally and also the China-Europe trade is expected to fall by 20% during this period. This will mean higher costs for shipping and problems further down the supply chains such as increased costs and shortages of certain commodities.”

Tony McDonach, Legal Director at Hill Dickinson, also adds:

“The threats to the UK ports industry from the novel coronavirus are not immediate but they are nevertheless real. The number of reported cases in the UK is low (nine at the time of writing) but growing.

As outlined in our paper, a port with a quarantined ship or ships alongside is at risk of being designated an unsafe port. Where relevant, UK ports should familiarise themselves with the rights and responsibilities contained within charterparties, as the charterers are under an obligation to nominate a safe port, and the shipowners must go there regardless of whether there is an unacceptable risk or the port is known to be unsafe. Ports should also ensure they are familiar with the force majeure clauses in their standard terms and conditions, and that these provide adequate cover for business interruption resulting from the widest permissible variety of scenarios.”

The coronavirus has caused some disruptions at Chinese ports due to the lack of stevedores and truck drivers, therefore slowing down vessel turnaround times. Cruise ships in the region are also taking precautionary measures in a bid to prevent an outbreak of the coronavirus at sea. Such measures may include enforcing a two week incubation period as was the case for the Diamond Princess and MS Westerdam.

The BPA have been liaising closely with the Department for Transport, following developments closely and have also prepared our own guidance note for UK ports as this is quite an unique and unprecedented situation facing the sector.

Mr Ballantyne, also comments:

UK ports play a critical role in facilitating international trade and the UK ports sector is committed to maintaining the flow of goods and passengers and working with port health authorities to minimise risks around the Wuhan Coronavirus. We are continuing to disseminate information to and support the UK ports sector where we can in developing plans. We will continue to encourage port health authorities and national health bodies to lead on the UK’s planning and response to the ongoing threat posed by the coronavirus.”

Download Hill Dickinson paper

Download BPA guidance note circulated to members

The latest advice for the maritime sector from officials is below.
Public Health England guidance for staff in the transport sector
Public Health England guidance for port staff
Advice posters for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

1. The British Port Association has prepared a guidance note for its port members which can be downloaded by clicking here.
2. Hill Dickinson are an international firm of market leading legal experts specialising in all aspects of commercial law, from non-contentious advisory and transactional work, through to all forms of commercial litigation and arbitration. With offices in the UK, mainland Europe and Asia, they provide services across three broad business groups – business services; marine, trade and energy; and health. For more information please visit
3. Hill Dickinson’s paper on the Wuhan Coronavirus and it’s potential implications on the UK ports sector can be downloaded by clicking here.
4. The Australian Government have also published guidance for marine pilots and the marine industry which may be useful as a reference point.
5. The British Ports Association represents the interests of over 100 port members, covering more than 350 ports, terminal operators and port facilities.
6. The UK ports industry plays a key role in the country’s economy as 95% of the UK’s international trade – imports and exports – is carried through British ports.
7. UK ports also handle more than 60 million international and domestic passenger journeys each year.
8. The UK port industry is the second largest in Europe, handling around 500 million tonnes of freight each year.
9. UK ports directly employ around 101,000 people.
10. The British Ports Association recently produced a video which highlights the importance of ports to the UK’s economy. It can be viewed by clicking here.

Source: British Ports Association website